BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORY: The island of St Helena is one of the most remote and isolated places in the world, yet currently home to a huge fleet of Volvo construction equipment
This 122km2 island of volcanic origin in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean is probably best known as a place of exile, most notably of French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1815 following his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.
First discovered by the Portuguese in 1502, for centuries St Helena was an important stopover for ships sailing to Europe from Asia and South Africa. In 1657, England’s Oliver Cromwell granted the East India Company a charter to govern the island and the following year the company fortified and colonized it. Today it is the second oldest British overseas territory after Bermuda.
Currently, the only lifeline the island’s 4,255 inhabitants, known as ‘Saints’, have to the outside world is the monthly visit of RMS St Helena, an old British Royal Mail ship that sails up from South Africa.
But all this is set to change. A commercial airport is being built on St Helena capable of handling Airbus A320s and Boeing 737-800s and 757-200s with the first flight scheduled for February 2016. Funded by the British Government with the two phases – design-build and operations – valued at £250 million (€307 million, US$418 million), phase one will see the construction of the airport and supporting infrastructure, including a 14km road to the capital Jamestown, a winding, twisting route that climbs more than 500m in the first five km, an engineering challenge in itself. Phase two of the project will cover airport operations for ten years.
South African construction giant Basil Read won the contract and in July 2012 its 1,530-tonne NP Glory 4 flat-deck shallow-draft cargo ship docked at a temporary jetty in Rupert’s Bay. The first-ever machine to drive on to St Helena, as opposed to being lifted by a crane, was a Volvo G940B motor grader followed by a Volvo EC700C-Series crawler excavator and several Volvo articulated haulers.
Volvo CE Customer Support Manager Leif Waad says: “Considering St Helena’s unique environment, the project’s significance to the Saints, and the terrain, it was clear that the equipment had to be of high quality, capable of operating safely in tough conditions while showing respect for the environment. This project was the perfect match for Volvo CE products.”
According to Basil Read’s Project Director Jimmy Johnston: “Since that first Volvo grader arrived in 2012 we have delivered more than 100 extra construction machines including 65 Volvo units – EC700C crawler excavators, A40F-FS and A30E articulated haulers, EW140C wheeled excavators, DD24 and SD200DX compactors, EC380 and EC480 crawler excavators, an MC115C skid steer loader and, of course, the G940B motor graders.”
Babcock, the Volvo CE dealer for South Africa, had previously shipped in service personnel, technicians and parts personnel, assisted by a technical supervisor from Volvo CE, to support Basil Read and ensure machine uptime across the fleet.
Perhaps the biggest single undertaking of the entire project is the filling of Dry Gut Gorge with around eight million cubic meters of blasted rock to a height of more than 100m and spanning some 750m. “In order to create the runway we need to fill this gorge,” says Johnston. “The filling will have taken two years to complete when it is finished in September this year.”
This huge earth-moving project has relied heavily on the Volvo machinery. “Now we are this far into the project I would say the reliability, fuel efficiency and productivity of this equipment has been extremely good,” Johnston acknowledges.
DOCK OF THE BAY
St Helena’s government and the UK Department for International Development have also contracted Basil Read to design and build a permanent wharf in Rupert’s Bay allowing ships to dock alongside a proper wharf for the first time in the Island’s history. Needless to say, this secondary construction project is also making good use of the Volvo machines.
Work has already started on the 1,950m-long runway, a taxiway and apron and is due for completion in February 2016. “Building the 3,500m2 terminal building and combined air traffic control and fire department is also on schedule,” confirms Johnston.
The project is providing real opportunities for the islanders to acquire new skills and expertise. “Some 340 Saints are now working alongside our expat staff, many of whom have their families with them,” says Johnston.
Basil Read’s Island Director Deon de Jager says Basil Read employees are now completely immersed and fully integrated into the community. “I myself have been made president of the local golf club and there isn’t a cricket or football match, a fishing challenge, a walk, a target shooting competition or a motocross event that now takes place without some of our employees being involved,” he says.
Wherever possible, Basil Read employees are accommodated by locals who have helped them integrate into the community. With some 340 Saints working on the airport project alongside expatriate staff, St Helena now boasts zero unemployment.
The construction partners are also acutely aware of the impact these projects will have on the environment. Johnston says: “Before construction started, a major environmental program was initiated alongside an Environmental Management Plan covering flora, fauna and heritage issues.”
Basil Read is also supporting a four-year Landscape and Ecology Mitigation (LEMP) program with the focus on habitat restoration and landscaping resulting from the airport construction and infrastructure activities.
Obviously, such a small island with such a rich history has heritage issues too, such as historic fortifications, houses, and remnants of a Boer prisoner-of-war pipeline and desalination plant. “There is much we need to protect on the island, but hopefully the new airport will address some of the Saints’ socio-economic difficulties and boost their prosperity through tourism,” concludes Johnston.